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Dear McGill News,

I was delighted with the June issue of the McGill News and I would like to compli- ment you and your staff for a job well done. The articles are diverse and interesting, written in an upbeat way which is most refreshing in these days of stress, doom and gloom. They cover a broad spectrum of what McGill is all about, and I can assure you that I have read this issue from cover to cover.

The idea of covering the various faculties and showing us pictures of the deans is most commendable and I was most encouraged by the message that came through from Agriculture, Law and Science.

Having played tennis with Bob Steven- son on many occasions during the past year, I had no real idea of what he was doing at McGill or anything much of his background; the article on the new Dean of Students was therefore particularly per- tinent.

I am sure we are all encouraged by the good news on the McGill-Queen’s Univer- sity Press and it is gratifying to learn of the help of the University of Toronto Press in getting us over some difficult times.

The McGill Palliative Care Service article was done with insight, compassion and intelligence covering a most difficult

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subject. Dr. Mount gave the address at the Convocation of the Health Sciences on June 2nd, and I found him to be a most fascinating individual your article adds “much depth to my perception of what he and his staff are all about.

The articles on microtechnology and on Brian Macdonald were excellent, as the article states (with respect to the computer ) “Today few can escape its influence,” therefore the more we know about computers the better.

Finally, I would like to offer a special vote of thanks for the article entitled “McGill’s Athletic Medics” which was very well done and gave us a short but incisive description of three quite different individuals who are able to combine excel- lence in academics with excellence in athletics. Intercollegiate athletics are of great importance for our university and it is fitting and proper that publications, such as the McGill News, provide insights into the players, the teams and the coaches. Having had some small connection with intercol- legiate football and hockey, I am impressed by the quality of the men who coach these sports and of their dedication to McGill and to the students who play on their teams. I am aware also of the literally hundreds of hours that these men put in beyond the

limits of their strict coaching duties, attempt-

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Once again my wishes.

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Volume 64, Number 1 September 1983

ISSN 0709 9223

Editorial Board Editor Charlotte Hussey

Assistant Editor Peter O’Brien

Members (Chairman) Robert Carswell David Bourke Gretta Chambers Betsy Hirst Katie Malloch Elizabeth McNab Gary Richards Robert Stevenson Tom Thompson Laird Watt Michael Werleman James G. Wright

Art Direction Alison Hall/Design Kirk Kelly

The official publication of the Graduates’ Society, the News is sent without charge to all recent graduates and to all other graduates and friends who make annual contribu- tions to McGill University.

The copyright of all contents of this magazine is regis- tered. Please address all editorial communications and items for the “Where They Are and What They’re Doing” column to:

McGill News

3605 Mountain Street Montreal, Quebec H3G 2M1

Tel: (514) 392-4813

| | McGill’s faculties look to the future

| The deans of Dentistry, Education, and Music discuss the

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CONTENTS

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by Charlotte Hussey

|| plans that will strengthen their faculties in the years ahead.

| I. F. Stone revisits the trial of Socrates

_| denounced Socrates and his illustrious disciple Plato for || being ‘‘anti-democratic.”’

Where North meets South: Bellairs Research Institute of McGill by Charlotte Hussey

Bellairs Research Institute in St. James, Barbados, is

pursue their research in a tropical environment. Scott, Smith, Edel and company: 1 5 early McGill student publications

by Peter O'Brien

Over the decades McGill student magazines have played a seminal role in the development of “‘little’” magazine | publishing in Canada. They have also launched the literary @ careers of those who have gone on to win Governor- } General’s Awards and Pulitzer Prizes.

| Planning a techno-logical future for Montreal by Professor Benjamin Higgins

During his June 18, 1983 convocation address, Professor of Economics Benjamin Higgins told McGill Arts and Law graduates that they should stay in Quebec and make Montreal the ““Boston of Canada.”’

20

Veteran journalist I. F. Stone was his audacious and witty self this year at the Beatty Public Lecture Series when he

by John Sainsbury

DEPARTMENTS |

MCR, «> ote RS = 0 4a yo one 2. Perspecivessi6 is. ee 21 Shot the Marilet heats ob oa occas We ees 3

‘Foreign agent,’ Terri Nash, makes good ......... 3 Where they are and

Homeless women in Montreal ................... 3 what they’re doing ..... 22

McGillFEST to launch National

Universes Week... . Geiss acs ws fle 26 4 eben as 4 Focus: Ronald Blumer... 27

“What @ name?” . forge os. is As aeee ey pease 5

Dr. Waldemar Sackston: the sunflower man ....... 7 Society Activities ....... 28

An international look at mental illness ............ 8

GRATULACIJE Polish Institute!................. 9

diver waits for his partially submerged colleague to take the plunge.

Cover: At work on a project to preserve a Shoreline on the island of Barbados, Bellairs

Cover photo: Vivian Kellner

| Research Institute boatman-

SEPTEMBER 1983/McGILL NEWS

providing Canadian scientists with the opportunity to |

18

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Custom and ceremony

Approximately 4,200 students graduated this year from McGill’s twelve faculties and ten schools. At convocation ceremonies held in June, eight honorary degrees were also awarded including a doctor of divinity degree to literary theorist Northrop Frye, who gave the address at the Religious Studies, Music, Science and Graduate Studies Convocation. A further highlight was the presentation of gold medals to the top four graduating students in engineering. All the recipients are Montreal women: Anne McQueen in chemical engineering, Margaret Furst and Caroline Firstbrook in electrical engineering, and Diane Julia Durnford in mechanical engineering.

After more than thirty years of service to McGill, Robert Bell, PhD’48, DSc’79, and his wife Jeanne Bell, BA’47, BLS’53, LLD’78, have left the university to take up residence in British Columbia. Dr. Bell has been named the first director of Vancouver’s Arts, Sciences, and Technology Centre. He was McGill’s principal from 1970 to 1979 and has been the Rutherford Professor of Physics since 1960. Mrs. Bell has served for many years on the university’s visual arts and museums committees. More recent- ly, she was coordinator of the Women’s Centennial Committee, established to organize activities marking the 1984 cen- tennial anniversary of the first admission of women to McGill. She has been replaced in this capacity by Arlene Gaunt, associate director of Industrial Research McGill.

Dr. Robert and Jeanne Bell

2 McGILL NEWS/SEPTEMBER 1983

The hopes of physiology professor Douglas Watt to become the first Canadian in space have come a Step closer to fulfillment. Federal science and technology minister Donald Johnston recently an- nounced that Watt’s experiments on space sickness could be one of two Canadian research projects to be tested in orbit on NASA space shuttle flights in late 1985 or early 1986.

Dr. Douglas Watt

Dean of Science Svenn Orvig, MSc’51, PhD’54, recently received this year’s Patterson Medal, the country’s highest meteorological honour. In announcing the award, federal environment minister John Roberts cited Orvig’s “‘outstanding contri- bution to our knowledge and understanding of the climates of polar regions.”’

Many small businesspeople and would- be entrepreneurs took advantage this summer of a low cost consulting service offered by McGill’s MBA students. Services included advice on start-up procedures, market planning, and budgeting. The non-profit bureau was supported by an advisory board consisting of McGill Management Faculty members, and it enjoyed direct access to the university’s computer and library systems.

Charles Scriver, BA’51, MD’S55, pro- fessor of biology and pediatrics and co- director of McGill’s Medical Research Council Group in Medical Genetics, recent- ly became the first Canadian to deliver the Rutherford Lecture to the Royal Society in London, England. Dr. Scriver’s presentation was entitled “An Evolutionary View of Disease in Man.”

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Of the eighteen major research grants awarded by Imperial Oil Ltd. to Quebec researchers, four went to members of McGill’s Faculty of Engineering: Profes- sors David Cooper, PhD’73, John Dealy, Oliver Jensen, and Ronald Neufeld.

Professor Henry Mintzberg, BEng’61, from the Faculty of Management, was recently awarded the honorary degree ““La Laurea ad honorem in Economica e Com- mercio” from the University of Venice, Italy. 0

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“Foreign agent, Terri Nash, makes good

Making the dean’s list, finishing a doctorate, and winning an Academy Award -— all in four months would seem like no mean feat. But Terri Nash, PhD’83, takes such accolades in stride. Nash is the researcher, editor, and director of the controversial National Film Board (NFB) film Jf You Love This Planet. It won a special award presented by the World Peace Council at the 25th International Leipziger Docu- mentary and Short Film Festival in Leipzig, Germany last year and an Academy Award in April of this year.

Nash began the film in 1979 after attending a talk by Dr. Helen Caldicott, national president of the American-based Physicians for Social Responsibility , whose members lecture on the medical conse- quences of nuclear war. Nash remembers that Caldicott enumerated the disasterous effects of a nuclear attack and then went on to say: “You have to figure out what you can do yourself. Think of your own life situation.”” Nash immediately thought of her first love, film. She says: “What I could do, and what Caldicott couldn’t, was to be in a lot of places at the same time. That’s the power of film, to multiply the mes- Sage.”

Inspired by Caldicott, whose delivery Nash likens to that of a brilliant lawyer presenting a case, Nash followed her to Plattsburgh State College, in New York. There Nash videotaped more than two hours of another electrifying Caldicott lecture. Having taken along three cameras SO as not to lose anything while changing rolls of film, Nash eventually found herself somewhat disappointed.

“‘T had the opening shots already fixed in my head,” she explains. “Then Caldicott changed her lecture. And I was horrified. But I had learned that in documentary filmmaking you go with what you’ve got.”

After showing the video to several colleagues, Nash feared that it was destined for the shelf. But deciding to continue her research, she went to Washington, D.C., where by fortunate coincidence, she found in the National Archives rare and alarming material on American nuclear warfare and testing, including recently declassified mili- tary/medical footage taken seven months after the 1945 bombing of Hiroshima.

During a five-day visit to America’s capital, Nash also lived through two fright- ening, but fortunately false, nuclear alerts. “They were announced on the news, followed by three minutes of commercials,”’

Le Lorrain, are all smiles.

Back in Montreal with Oscars in hand, Terri Nash and her NFB producer, Eddie

Nash says. ““Three minutes is not a long time, but when you have only another fourteen minutes until the end of the world, those three minutes become staggeringly long. Nothing could more convince me to make the movie than experiencing those two alerts.”’

Mixing archival footage with shots from Caldicott’s Plattsburgh lecture, Nash had her film. She then turned over to her NFB producer, Eddie Le Lorrain, a stark 26- minute documentary, intense and ludicrously funny by turns. “I meant it to be funny at certain points,” says Nash. “I felt that people would need to laugh, to take a break. If it were too intense, they would turn off. I also felt that by keeping it short, audiences could take it.”’

Nash knew that if the film was under half an hour in length it would receive twenty to thirty times the exposure than would a longer film. It would be appropriate to screen in schools and before feature films in movie theatres. But a final event nearly prevented any subsequent screenings of the film at all.

The United States Department of Justice became outraged at the less than comple- mentary attitude of the film toward their government. They ordered that if the film was to be shown, it must bear a disclaimer that read, “foreign propaganda.’ Conse- quently the NFB moved to stop distribution of If You Love This Planet in the States. The film was also to be withdrawn from the Academy Awards competition, but fortun- ately the Academy Awards committee does not allow its nominees to withdraw.

By then the media knew about the compulsory disclaimer, which also made mandatory the reporting to the U.S. govern- ment of all theatres and television stations that would screen the film. Many Canadian and American politicians were becoming incensed. And finally the American Civil Liberties Union stepped in and filed suit

against the United States Government. Withdrawal from the Academy Awards, for several reasons now, was out of the question.

And the rest is history. On the evening of the Academy Award festivities in Holly- wood, Nash and her producer Le Lorrain appeared on prime-time television with smiles and Oscars in hand. In her accep- tance speech, she thanked the United States Justice Department for helping to publicize If You Love This Planet, (which has sold more prints and has been seen by more people than any other 1982 NFB release). The United States, said Nash, sure knows how to show a “foreign agent” a good time. Louise RatelleLl RTI SORE he IE

Homeless women in Montreal

They are the invisible segment of society. Homeless women, suffering from severe isolation, rejected and abused by parents, husbands, and so-called lovers, caught in a tragic cycle of despair and defeat. Some have a history of violent acts or addiction problems; others are reduced to begging on the streets or prostitution (a bed’s a bed). They scratch out some sort of survival in a society that refuses to acknowledge their existence.

“They aren’t news,” says Emeritus Professor of Sociology Aileen D. Ross, author of The Lost and the Lonely: Homeless Women in Montreal. ‘*We don’t hear about them unless they get run over by René Lévesque. Particularly the elderly, lonely, rejected women. They can’t get to shelters. They can’t walk far and they can’t afford transportation. What happens to

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them? They die in street accidents, drunk or stoned...”’

Dr. Ross became fascinated with the problems of homeless women after her retirement in 1970. “‘A sociologist is very lucky you can always go on doing research. I became very interested in the concept of loneliness. It’s an epidemic in our society. I began to look around, and everyone told me that there were lots of people in that situation, but no-one seemed to know much about them.’’ Then she made contact with Sheila Baxter, who had run an experimental all-night, sit-up shelter for women and was about to open the first women’s day shelter. (There are many more places for destitute men in Montreal’s shelters and missions up to 600, as opposed to just 60 to 80 for homeless women, whose plight has only recently begun to attract attention.)

The project took seven years. Many of the sociologist’s usual tools were of little help in this study: there could be no questionnaires, no personal questions unless the women volunteered information, no statistics, not even any full names. ““These women have been harassed,” explains Ross. ““They’ve been to all the social agencies. The last thing they need is more questions. It was more difficult for me this way, but it was better for the women.”

The Lost and the Lonely is based on Dr. Ross’s observations of the women who came to two downtown shelters: Chez Doris, a day shelter that serves a free hot lunch and tea and coffee all day long, and Maison Marguerite, a night shelter run by Soeurs Grises de Montréal. Between the two shelters, hundreds of women have found a place to go and a sympathetic ear. But still, says Dr. Ross, “‘it’s a heartrending selection process every night. Every night they have to turn away women. Will they keep one woman for three nights does she deserve it more than someone else? Imagine having to send someone out into the cold without a cent!”

Funding is always a problem, and particularly today, with major social service cutbacks in Quebec. But one encouraging sign is the generosity of the community. “When Soeur Georgette Leduc was opening Maison Marguerite, she got the most incredible donations: a television, a clothes dryer, everything!” Similarly, Chez Doris simply could not function without its corps of dedicated volunteers, who give time, money, services, food, and clothing.

Destitute women, says Dr. Ross, tend to “keep up appearances” better than do men in the same situation. ““People who visit the shelters are sometimes almost disappointed ..they come expecting to see dirty old hulks!”? But the need is great, even if the women do not at first glance appear to be in dire straits. Dr. Ross hopes to help raise their visibility in the community. Kathe Lieber

4 McGILL NEWS/SEPTEMBER 1983

McGillFEST to

launch National Universities Week

McGill’s Principal and Vice-Chancellor David Johnston is currently serving as the co-chairman of National Universities Week, which will run this year from October 2 to 8. At this time, McGill and other universities across Canada will join together to celebrate the achievements of higher education. “‘National Universities Week is a tribute to the role that universities play in our local, regional, and national development,” explains Johnston. “‘Never before have Canadian universities joined in celebrating their achievements on a nation- wide scale.”

Actually McGill will begin its festivities on September 30, October 1 and 2 with their eleventh Open House entitled McGillFEST/ McGill en féte. “McGillFEST weekend is our university’s major contribution to National Universities Week,” explains Principal Johnston. And McGillFEST coordinator Maisie Cheung says: ““McGill- FEST is not just the usual Open House. It has been designed to draw every sector of the Montreal community into McGill’s activities. In particular, it will stress research and community projects that convey the links between McGill and the day-to-day lives of the public.”’ For example, the McGill Committee for Studies on Aging will hold an open symposium on housing and transportation for Montreal’s senior citizens. And elderly participants in this program will be given special tours of the campus.

In addition to the ever-popular campus tours, McGillFEST will focus on scheduled events. On Saturday, October 1, McGill- FEST’s main ceremony will take place. At 11:30 a.m. the starting gun will be fired for a 10-kilometer road race. Local groups are invited to register individually or in teams by September 26. The proceeds from the $5 registration fee will be forwarded to the McGill Cancer Centre.

Other weekend highlights will include four performances of a classical ballet produced by the department of education in arts, the staging of the Greek play, Heracles, by the classics department, and the screen- ing of McGill graduate Terri Nash’s Academy Award-winning film, If You Love This Planet. A mini-farm will be set up on the downtown campus by the Faculty of Agriculture. And there will also be open clinics run by McGill Legal Aid and the School of Occupational Health and Safety for adults and computer games, clowns, hot-air balloons, and free daycare on campus for children.

‘“‘We wish to include everyone, from the very young, to the very old. This is to express the fact that McGill is a highly accessible institution whose involvement in the community goes much further than academic excellence,” says Cheung. “Basically there are no limits to what is being featured and for whom.”’

So mark September 30 and October | and 2 on your calender as McGillFEST and the following week from October 2 to 8 as National Universities Week. During this period the numerous events taking place on the downtown and Macdonald campuses will be open to all. (For more information please call 392-4250.) And at these autumnal festivities, returning graduates, staff, students, and the public will have the chance to discover that at McGill “We have the future in minds.” Nomi MorrisU

Principal David Johnston and his daughter, Alexandra, helped raise money for the McGill Cancer Centre by running in the 10-kilometer race during last year’s Open House.

SS Ne eee ee

“What’s in a name?’’

“Would you trust a surgeon named ‘Bambi’? Have you ever met an Anglican priest named ‘Buck’?’? Onomatologist Leonard Ashley, BA’49, MA’S0O, asks these ques- tions with serious bemusement. Names, he says, profoundly affect our lives. Onomastics, a branch of linguistics, studies the phenomena of how names shape us and how we shape them. Ashley is president of the American Name Associa- tion, a member of half a dozen linguistic associations, and regularly attends interna- tional conferences on onomastics. His book, Names, has just been published by Washington Square Press, and he is working on a new volume about place names. Ashley is one of those Montrealers who are now completely at home in New York. He teaches English literature at Brooklyn College and lives a block away from the campus in an anachronistic New Amsterdam version of a French chateau. His living room, full of shadows and antique furniture, is barely lit by two tiny lamps, and behind

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his head, seventeeth century portraits look down sternly from behind layers of varnish. All this provides a scholarly backdrop for Ashley’s humour and exuberant, parenthe- tical discourse.

Names, he begins, are magical. If we know the name of something, we have power over it. Conversely, when we name something, we attribute qualities to it. When we name a child or a literary character, we affect the way other people perceive them. Names carry expectations.

“Even kindergarten children will agree that someone named ‘Michael’ runs, while someone named ‘Hubert’ sits,’ explains Ashley. “‘It’s not the derivation of the name that really matters: sure, ‘George’ comes from a Greek word that means ‘farmer’, but ‘George’ carries other associations now. We think of an ineffectual worker, or a weak husband. For reasons that psycho- logists haven’t been able to fathom, names don’t carry the old meanings anymore. Psychologists are telling us that “Tony’ conveys an image of somebody who is sociable, ‘Adrian’ somebody artistic, and ‘Michael’ strong, but ‘Hubert’ and ‘Isidore’, people who are weak.”

As an English teacher, Ashley is preoc- cupied with literary onomastics, the way an author sets up certain expectations with the name of a character. The author can help create a personality or alert us to the social standing or fate of these imagined indivi- duals. Witness, as blatant examples, the ‘Sir Foping Flutters’ or the ‘Armaggedon

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T. Thunderbirds’ in farce. An author can |

suggest that a ‘Shamwell’ or a ‘Cheatley’ will behave unreliably. We can expect stratagems from someone named ‘Archer’ or ‘Aimwell’. Or we can discern a char- acter’s social standing or fate as with Willy Loman (Low Man) in Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman.

“As far as I know,” says Ashley, “nobody has yet written an article on how a writer can use personal names to suggest a character or person’s religion.’ But they can. He cites the examples of men named ‘Moishe’ or ‘Kevin’ or ‘Wesley’ each telling us respectively ‘Jewish’, ‘Irish ‘Catholic’, or ‘Methodist’. But here we have to be careful.

Ashley is off on one of his frequent, sparkling parentheses. He explains that the connotations of names are changing rapidly. At least in the New York area, names like ‘Bruce’ and ‘Stuart’ are becoming indicative of Jewish families assimilating into WASP culture. And the names we think of as ‘Jewish’, like ‘Sidney’ and ‘Norman’, actually hail from the British aristocracy.

In yet another quick parenthesis, he explains that middle-class mothers in the nineteenth century gave their children the names of Anglo-Saxon and Norman war- lords —like ‘Seymore’, ‘Irving’, and ‘Hubert’. We might note how those associations have changed. The point is that we try to attribute specific virtues to our children or to fictional characters when we name them.

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The five most asked questions about the American Express“ Card. ‘HOW CAN YOU t can take weeks to replace Quite simply, we consider all | geek commonly held cards, REPLACE A of our Cardmembers to "s | How can American Express do it financially responsible and treat | the same day, in Montreal or LOST CARD y them accordingly.

Milan?

American Express Travel Service Offices around the world have the ability to make new Cards in an emergency. After that it’s primarily a matter of identification. For security, we'll ask a few questions that only you can answer. With the correct answers, normally we Can issue you a new Card the same day or by the next business day. There are over 1000 American Express Travel Service Offices, subsid- iaries or Representatives around the world, includ- ing 43 offices in Canada. Even if there’s no office where you are, you can telephone ahead and have the Card waiting for you at the nearest office.

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You can hold a room for late arrival with other cards. But what happens if there’s a foul-up, a mix-up, a computer glitch?

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It’s not unheard of for some Cardmembers to incur very substantial charges on the Card, How is this possible?

Your purchases are approved

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“T HARDLY EVER TRAVEL OUTSIDE OF CANADA. WHY SHOULD I CARRY THE AMERICAN EXPRESS CARD?”

The American Express Card can be invaluable even if you never leave your home town.

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If you’ve read this far, you already know several reasons why our Card is worth more than any other card you can carry. And there are many more reasons.

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7 /

And what determines the names given to most of today’s children? Ashley says they are names developed from television, film, or literary characters or personalities. ‘Clarissa’ and ‘Pamela’, for example, are names we ve taken for granted. In fact, both names were invented by Samuel Richardson for heroines of his novels. George Bernard Shaw, in one of his plays, coined the name ‘Gloria’, for a headstrong, determined, young woman who could dominate any man. ‘Pamela’ and ‘Clarissa’ both embodied qualities of purity and humility. How many ‘Glorias’ or ‘Clarissas’ do we know? And what kind of overtones do such names carry now?

Another example is ‘Darren’, which the British adopted as an ‘American’ name, only after they had seen the television program Bewitched (when, in fact, ‘Darren’ is an African name ). We may have to wait a while for “Tootsie’ and ‘R2D 2’ to appear on a baptismal certificate, but we can wonder how many ‘Farrahs’ and ‘Jaclyns’ will be with us in twenty years.

‘“‘Names are faddish and can indicate the age of a person,” says Ashley. “If I offered you